Farmers are the backbone of our nation. They feed the world with their skill of growing the food. But apart from cultivating the food-producing crops, other agricultural products also play a crucial role in our life, for example, the plants having medicinal importance. When it comes to plants with medicinal importance, nothing can beat Aloe Vera.
Aloe Vera is a perennial plant with numerous medicinal properties. And that is why it also holds great economic value. Aloe Vera is also referred to as ‘Miracle Plant’ because of its great importance in various aspects of human life. Considering its high demand in the market, the business of Aloe Vera farming makes a great lucrative business plan.
The great thing about growing Aloe Vera is that it doesn’t require you to be a farmer to cultivate the plant. The least you can do is know about some skills that are crucial for the plants to survive and the rest will automatically fall into its place.
Known vividly as Nature’s Tonic is extensively used in different aspects of human life and is extremely useless for us. There are a variety of products made from Aloe Vera that helps in the treatment of a lot of things. So now I think you have enough reason to consider it as a lucrative business plan. Below is the detailed process of executing the business plan:
Introduction to Aloe Vera
The hardy perennial crop belongs to the Liliaceae family and coastal areas of South India are the major producers of it. Aloe Vera is not just anti-biotic but it is also anti-microbial, anti-septic, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, disinfectant, and germicidal.
Apart from this it also plays an important part in the beauty and cosmetic industries. The use of aloe vera in the treatment of pimples is no secret. In addition to this, the plant of Aloe Vera also enhances the digestion process, boosts our immune system, helps in the detoxication process, treats ulcers, urine related problems, etc.
Cultivation of Aloe Vera
The cultivation of Aloe Vera is carried out in different parts of India. The states are, Kerela, Maharashtra, Gujrat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Rajasthan. It is known by different names in the different states, for example, Korpad in Marathi, Musambar in Hindi, Kumari in Sanskrit, Kunwar in Gujrati, Kalabandha in Telugu and so on.
There are various commercial species of the Aloe Vera plants that are entering the market. The improved commercial varieties are, IC111269, IC111271, IC111280, Aloe Barbedensis, perfoliata, A Chinesis, A indica, A littoralis, A abyssinica, A Vulgaris and AL-1.
Climate Condition for Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera plant can thrive in a variety of climatic conditions. Being a warm tropical plant, it is sensitive to cold therefore finds it difficult to grow in winter season or areas having cold weather. Also, snow or frost is completely intolerable for the growth of Aloe Vera.
The plants can be grown low rainfall regions as well as the dry regions as long as they provide warm humid conditions. Aloe Vera thrives best on dry sandy soils in the areas where you can expect lower rainfall.
The requirement of soil for the cultivation of Aloe Vera is also not very specific. However, the ideal growing condition for the Aloe Vera plant is light soils. But you can also grow the plants in sandy soils to loamy soils. Selecting a well-drained soil is crucial for the growth of Aloe Vera as the plant is sensitive to water stagnation.
To enhance the growth of Aloe Vera, you must use black cotton soil that has good drainage capacity. The plant of Aloe Vera also thrives best in the soils with higher foliage and can easily tolerate salty soils. In reference to pH, the plant can tolerate soils with a high pH range of up to 8.5.
The land Preparation process of Aloe Vera cultivation is a very crucial part of the production. You must prepare the land properly by plowing and cross plowing the field. Plowing helps in bringing the soil to a fine tilth stage. In order to increase the fertility of the soil, you must add manure to the field after the farmyard is well rotted.
To state, about 15 to 20 tonnes of manure should be added to the field for better growth of your plants. After this process is done, now its time for the ridges and furrows. The ridges and furrows must be formed 40 cm apart from each other. And similarly, the rhizome suckers should be planted apart with the same distance.
Planting Methods and Propagation
The process of planting and propagation in the Aloe Vera cultivation is carried out with the help of root suckers or rhizome cuttings. For carrying out the root suckers propagation method, you must select a medium-sized one then it should be dug out very carefully from the land while making sure that you don’t cause any type of damage to the mother plant at the base.
For the second type of method that is the rhizome cutting propagation, you must dig out the underground rhizome after the process of harvesting is done. After making two or three nodes on them you must make a cutting of 6 cm of length to it. As soon as you do this, the rhizomes must be placed on the sand beds.
Once you see that the sprouts from the rhizomes are popping up, you need to immediately transfer it to the main field so that the cultivation process could start. For using this propagation method on the one-acre field you will need about 15000 rhizome suckers.
When it comes to the irrigation requirements of the Aloe Vera plant, you need not worry much because the plant can survive both in the rainfed conditions as well as the irrigated conditions. The process of irrigation should take place immediately as soon as you plant the rhizome cuttings or the root suckers into the mainland.
During hot summers, you must irrigate the plants more often to ensure its proper growth. But during the rainy seasons, you must prevent the water-logging as the plant of Aloe Vera is extremely sensitive to water stagnation.
Pesticides and Insecticides
Like any other crop, the plants of Aloe Vera is not immune to pests or insects either. The crop can get various infections such as Aloe rust, basal stem rot, bacterial soft rot, etc. Therefore to prevent this, it is crucial that the process of adding insecticides and pesticides to the field is carried out perfectly.
You must conduct your nearest agricultural department in order to get more information about the use of insecticides and germicides. The availability of those will also be found there.
Harvesting of Aloe Vera
From the second year of the planting of the Aloe Vera crop, you can start harvesting your Aloe Vera crop. You can start picking the leaves of three or four plants already. Also, make sure that this process is carried out during the morning time or evening. In a period of one year, you can carry out at least three harvests.
As the Aloe Vera crop is a labor-intensive crop, it can also be re-generated up to five years after planting as soon as the harvesting process is done. In addition to this, you can also make use of the side suckers and harvest as planting material.
After you have harvested the crop, you must take care of the fresh leaves and prevent it from drying. However, the leaves are allowed to lose some moisture during the whole process and before the transporting of the plant; it is most likely to happen.
Make sure that you have kept all the leaves dry and in cool conditions, this will prevent the growth of the molds to form on the leaves. Also, the use of concrete flooring during the process of storing and stacking is helpful.
Yielding of the plant
On average, the Aloe Vera field of about 1-hectare land cultivation produces 40 to 45 tonnes of thick leaves. The replantation process of Aloe Vera is also very essential as the commercial yield of the crop can be obtained from second to the fifth year.
Marketing and Selling
The major consumers of the Aloe Vera plant are the pharma and herbal companies. Having its high demand in the international markets as well, the product makes an excellent business plan. The medicinal importance of Aloe Vera makes it a very essential plant for the humankind.
You can approach different manufacturing units of cosmetics, pharma or other companies that make Aloe Vera based products. To maximize your profit you must promote your business with the help of different tactics.
The age of the internet provides us with endless possibilities and limitless opportunities. You must take advantage of this modern world and make your business reach the ends of the world. Social media platforms, search engines, etc, provide a great medium for the promotion of your business.
As now you are aware of the millions of benefits of this miracle plant, I am sure the idea of starting your own Aloe Vera farming project must have come to mind. The lucrative business plan is very profiting as well as it very easy to carry out and also a great idea for urban farming. You don’t even need to be a farmer in order to start your Aloe Vera Farm.
The production demand of Aloe Vera is extensive and it is most likely to increase in the coming years as well. The above give article serves as the business outline for your project, it is a detailed plan that will help you with your business.
Here is one more profitable business idea for you that is Cashew Farming.
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